Information in a changing management context: The ocean dumping example

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Summary form only given. Policy toward ocean dumping as expressed in legislation, regulation, and judicial interpretation has shifted. In addition, multimedium management and assimilative capacity, concepts introduced after passage of the law, have further affected perceptions about appropriate policy. Since passage of the law, policy has shifted from a proposed elimination of sewage sludges to restricting only those sludges that might unreasonably degrade the ocean. After these refinements, agency success may be measured in avoidance of unreasonable degradation or through the other considerations introduced by multimedium management or assimilative capacity. The changes redefine policy-relevant information and place greater emphasis on composition, fates, and effects of materials proposed for the ocean.

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