Date of Award


Degree Type

Major Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marine Affairs


Sri Lanka declared her Exclusive Economic Zone in 1977, under Section 56 of the Maritime Zone Law No.22 of 1976. With this declaration she extended her jurisdiction over a 500,000 km of sea area as a coastal state. The acquisition of this vast sea area enables Sri Lanka to provide the most needed animal protein requirement of her population by harnessing the fishery resources available in the EEZ. This paper reviews the impact of the declaration of the Exclusive Economic Zone on the offshore and deep sea fish production in Sri Lanka from 1977 to 1990 especially in relation to expectations and capabilities of harnessing the offshore and deep sea resources. The review also includes a discussion of the impacts of permitting foreign fishing to harness these resources and some proposals to be considered for future development of the offshore and deep sea fishery in Sri Lanka.