The Relationship between Arthritis and Muscular Strength in Older Women with Symptoms of Sarcopenia
Date of Original Version
Background: Sarcopenia classification is important for prevention or intervention of sarcopenia in the elderly. However, measures used for the current sarcopenia criteria, including muscular strength, could be impacted by forms of arthritis. Thus, it is crucial to understand the impact arthritis has on sarcopenia status. Objectives: The aim was to investigate if arthritis relates to sarcopenia classification via grip strength or single chair stand in older women. A secondary aim was to assess the relationship between grip strength and upper and lower body strength in those with arthritis. Design: A cross-sectional analysis. Setting and participants: Sixty-one community-dwelling older women (71.9±4.6 years) from Rhode Island. Measurements: Sarcopenia status was classified using established working definitions. Grip strength was measured using a hand grip dynamometer, chair stands were measured via a single chair stand test, and gait speed was assessed using a four-meter walk test. A segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis assessed body composition and arthritis status was based on self-report. Upper and lower body muscular strength were measured using a chest press and leg press one repetition maximum. Results: No associations were observed between arthritis and sarcopenia status (p=0.36) nor arthritis and upper or lower body muscular strength and grip strength. Conclusions: The results of this study may indicate that arthritis is not associated with sarcopenia status but may affect other measures of muscular strength.
E.N. Renna ; S.G. Slezak ; K.B. Mahoney ; I.E.Lofgren ; D.L. Hatfield ; M.J. Delmonico ; F. Xu (2017): The Relationship between Arthritis and Muscular Strength in Older Women with Symptoms of Sarcopenia. The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2017.29
Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2017.29
E. N. Renna, S. G. Slezak, K. B. Mahoney, M. J. Delmonico, D. L. Hatfield and F. Xu are from the Department of Kinesiology.
I. E. Lofgren is from the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
This is a pre-publication author manuscript of the final, published article.