Resistance Training During Weight Loss in Overweight and Obese Older Adults: What Are the Benefits?

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Obesity and sarcopenia are important public health challenges that affect the healthy aging trajectory of older adults. Although weight loss is recommended for overweight and obese older adults to prevent chronic disease, exercise is an important additional weight management strategy to maximize fat mass loss while retaining lean mass and improving function. Resistance training (RT) is a well-known exercise modality to improve muscle function and lean mass and has been investigated in several recent studies as a potentially powerful strategy to employ along with weight loss in overweight and obese older adults. RT is an important exercise training strategy as outlined in the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans and is recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine for older adults who are able to safely participate. This brief review will highlight some of the age-related consequences of sarcopenia and obesity and will summarize some of the published research findings of combined RT and weight loss in overweight and obese older adults. © 2010, SAGE Publications. All rights reserved.

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American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine