The politics of transition: Pillaging and the 1527 sack of Rome

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In the later years of the Restoration, three decades after the Civil War had ended a humble veteran one of many came forward to petition for aid. As Stuart Carroll has pointed out, even noble violence with its seemingly gratuitous duals, vendettas and high rates of killing followed its own proscribed symbols and codes of behaviour which imbued it with meaning. The chaplain of the New Model Army, Joshua Sprigge, based a good deal of his 1647 history entitled the Anglia Rediviva on news books and pamphlets, and sought like them to write a story not adorned with such Artificial stuffe of feigned speeches, Prosopepeia’s and Epistrophe’s. The experience and representation of violence were not entirely new to those who fought in the Thirty Years War, or in Ireland, which reinforced a military ethos that had re-emerged in the later years of Elizabeth’s reign.

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Aspects of Violence in Renaissance Europe