Developing an Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS) for the global ocean


M. F. Cronin, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
S. Swart, Göteborgs Universitet
C. A. Marandino, GEOMAR - Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
C. Anderson, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
P. Browne, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
S. Chen, Ministry of Natural Resources of the People's Republic of China
W. R. Joubert, South African Weather Service
U. Schuster, University of Exeter
R. Venkatesan, National Centre for Coastal Research
C. I. Addey, State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
O. Alves, Bureau of Meteorology Australia
F. Ardhuin, Université de Brest (UBO)
S. Battle, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
M. A. Bourassa, Florida State University
Z. Chen, Ocean University of China
M. Chory, Consortium for Ocean Leadership
C. Clayson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
R. B. De Souza, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
M. Du Plessis, Göteborgs Universitet
M. Edmondson, Consortium for Ocean Leadership
J. B. Edson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
S. T. Gille, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
J. Hermes, South African Environmental Observation Network
V. Hormann, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
S. A. Josey, National Oceanography Centre Southampton
M. Kurz, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
T. Lee, California Institute of Technology
F. Maicu, Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna
E. H. Moustahfid, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
S. A. Nicholson, The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
E. S. Nyadjro, Mississippi State University
J. Palter, University of Rhode Island
R. G. Patterson, Charles Darwin University
S. G. Penny, Sofar Ocean Technologies
L. P. Pezzi, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
N. Pinardi, Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna

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The Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS) is a new United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development programme working to develop a practical, integrated approach for observing air-sea interactions globally for improved Earth system (including ecosystem) forecasts, CO2 uptake assessments called for by the Paris Agreement, and invaluable surface ocean information for decision makers. Our "Theory of Change"relies upon leveraged multi-disciplinary activities, partnerships, and capacity strengthening. Recommendations from >40 OceanObs'19 community papers and a series of workshops have been consolidated into three interlinked Grand Ideas for creating #1: a globally distributed network of mobile air-sea observing platforms built around an expanded array of long-term time-series stations; #2: a satellite network, with high spatial and temporal resolution, optimized for measuring air-sea fluxes; and #3: improved representation of air-sea coupling in a hierarchy of Earth system models. OASIS activities are organized across five Theme Teams: (1) Observing Network Design & Model Improvement; (2) Partnership & Capacity Strengthening; (3) UN Decade OASIS Actions; (4) Best Practices & Interoperability Experiments; and (5) Findable-Accessible-Interoperable-Reusable (FAIR) models, data, and OASIS products. Stakeholders, including researchers, are actively recruited to participate in Theme Teams to help promote a predicted, safe, clean, healthy, resilient, and productive ocean.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

ICES Journal of Marine Science