X-ray spectrometry of individual Asian dust-storm particles over the Japanese islands and the North Pacific Ocean

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Individual aerosol particles were collected during spring 1986 near the surface over the Japanese islands (Nagasaki and Nagoya) and the North Pacific Ocean near Hawaii. Asian dust-storm particles found in these samples were examined by use of an electron microscope equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray analyzer (EDX). These dust-storm particles usually consisted of Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti and Fe, together with S and Cl. For the individual particles collected over Japan, changes in morphological features and in the amounts of elements before and after the dialysis (extraction) of water-soluble material were studied. The examination indicated that the dust particles were present as mixed particles (internal mixture of water-soluble and -insoluble material), wheras the the water-soluble material mainly contained Ca and S. Over the North Pacific Ocean, the dust-storm particles were present internally in sea-salt particles. It is suggested that the internal mixture of minerals and sea-salt is probably due to interaction within clouds. Formation of CaSO4 on the dust particles was also suggested on the basis of quantitative results obtained by the use of the EDX. © 1990.

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Atmospheric Environment Part A, General Topics