Pulsatile release of FSH for superovulation in cattle

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The studies reported here were directed towards the development of an implantable microcapsule which "pulses" release of follicle stimulating hormone, FSH, for application to superovulating cows. Final dose forms were administered using membrane-coated cylinders. The "pulse" of the FSH is achieved by membrane encapsulation of an effervescent/swelling core containing citric acid, sodium bicarbonate, glucose and FSH. Entry of water results in sufficient pressure increase (by gas generation) to rupture ("burst") the membrane. Time to rupture is dependent upon several factors, such as membrane permeability and thickness, and core composition and loading. The final dose forms were implanted by means of a trochar. This system was tested in sheep to substantiate in vivo "burst" times and then tested in cows to determine efficacy. In vivo burst times in sheep varied from 8 to 96 hr, based upon maximal FSH values in blood serum, and generally paralled the planned times resulting from in vitro tests. Multiple capsules designed to release FSH as a pulse or steady state were tested on a limited number of cows plus a control (n = 10). Four of the combinations resulted in 11, 11, 14 and 16 ovulations, indicating that further development has promise of providing a one-injection system using FSH for superovulating cattle. © 1995.

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