External cardiac defibrillation during wet-surface cooling in pigs
Date of Original Version
Objective: During surface cooling with ice-cold water, safety and effectiveness of transthoracic defibrillation was assessed. Methods: In a pig ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest model, once (n = 6), defibrillation was done first in a dry and then in a wet condition using the ThermoSuit System (Life Recovery Systems, HD, LLC, Kinnelon, NJ), which circulates a thin layer of ice-cold water (≈4°C) over the skin surface. Another time (n = 6), defibrillation was done first in a wet and then in a dry condition. Success of defibrillation was defined as restoration of spontaneous circulation, and the current and voltage of the defibrillation signal was measured. Results: There was a tendency toward less number of shocks needed for achieving restoration of spontaneous circulation in the wet condition as compared with the number of shocks needed in the dry condition. The energy delivered in both dry and wet conditions was 144 ± 3 J. Discussion: Transthoracic defibrillation is safe and effective in a wet condition after cooling with ice-cold water. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Schratter, Alexandra, Wolfgang Weihs, Michael Holzer, Andreas Janata, Wilhelm Behringer, Udo M. Losert, William J. Ohley, Robert B. Schock, and Fritz Sterz. "External cardiac defibrillation during wet-surface cooling in pigs." American Journal of Emergency Medicine 25, 4 (2007): 420-424. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2007.02.044.