Adaptive Supplementary Damping Control of VSC-HVDC for Interarea Oscillation Using GrHDP

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Interarea oscillation is one of the main challenges for the secure and stable operation of a large-scale interconnected power system. To address this problem, this paper presents an adaptive supplementary damping controller (SDC) for voltage source converter based high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) by using the goal representation heuristic dynamic programming (GrHDP). Compared with conventional heuristic dynamic programming (HDP), GrHDP adds a new goal representation network to generate an adaptive reward signal to achieve better mapping relationship between the system states and the control action. To compensate phase shift between the output and input signals of a large-scale interconnected AC/DC power system, this paper proposes a parallel phase shift channel for the GrHDP. Moreover, the proposed GrHDP-SDC is a model-free control scheme, which does not need the mathematic model of the power system and has quick online learning ability to adapt to the variation of system operating conditions. Case studies are carried out on the 10-machine 39-bus system and 16-machine 68-bus system, respectively. Compared with the conventional lead-lag SDC (LL-SDC) and HDP-SDC, simulation results show that the proposed GrHDP-SDC can always provide satisfactory damping performance over a wide range of system operating conditions and disturbances.

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IEEE Transactions on Power Systems