Title

Deterministic Policy Gradient with Integral Compensator for Robust Quadrotor Control

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

10-1-2020

Abstract

In this paper, a deep reinforcement learning-based robust control strategy for quadrotor helicopters is proposed. The quadrotor is controlled by a learned neural network which directly maps the system states to control commands in an end-to-end style. The learning algorithm is developed based on the deterministic policy gradient algorithm. By introducing an integral compensator to the actor-critic structure, the tracking accuracy and robustness have been greatly enhanced. Moreover, a two-phase learning protocol which includes both offline and online learning phase is proposed for practical implementation. An offline policy is first learned based on a simplified quadrotor model. Then, the policy is online optimized in actual flight. The proposed approach is evaluated in the flight simulator. The results demonstrate that the offline learned policy is highly robust to model errors and external disturbances. It also shows that the online learning could significantly improve the control performance.

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems

Volume

50

Issue

10

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