Cooperative transmission for underwater acoustic communications

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Underwater acoustic channels normally have low data rate, long propagation delay, severe multipath effect, and time varying fading. Cooperative transmission is a new wireless communication technique in which diversity gain is achieved by utilizing relay nodes as virtual antennae. In this paper, we investigate cooperative transmission techniques for underwater acoustic communications. First, we study the performance of several cooperative transmission schemes, originally designed for radio communications, in an underwater scenario. Second, by taking advantage of the low propagation speed of sound, we design a new wave cooperative transmission scheme. In this scheme, the relay nodes amplify the signal received from the source node, and then forward the signal immediately to the destination. The goal is to alter the multipath effect at the receiver. Third, we derive the performance upper bound for the proposed wave cooperative transmission scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed wave cooperative transmission has significant advantages over the traditional direct transmission and the existing cooperative transmission schemes originally designed for radio wireless networks. ©2008 IEEE.

Publication Title

IEEE International Conference on Communications