The Development of Social Economy in France Since 1945
Date of Original Version
The social economy is large and legally embedded in France yet its institutions and practices are poorly understood in the English-speaking world. The roots of the social economy lie in pre-Marxian socialism, the labor movement, and social Catholicism. Marginalized after World War II, the theory and practice of social economy made a comeback with the “second left” of the 1970s and 1980s, including a particular emphasis on self-management or “autogestion.” With new legal support for cooperatives and growing academic interest in social economy, the future is promising. At the same time, the collapse of the Socialist Party and the liberal trend of the main union federation supporting social economy are worrisome.
Forum for Social Economics
McIntyre, Richard. "The Development of Social Economy in France Since 1945." Forum for Social Economics 47, 2 (2018): 253-261. doi:10.1080/07360932.2018.1451768.