Conformational basis for SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding in Src inactivation
Date of Original Version
Src protein-tyrosine kinase contains a myristoylation motif, a unique region, an Src homology (SH) 3 domain, an SH2 domain, a catalytic domain, and a C-terminal tail. The C-terminal tail contains a Tyr residue, Tyr527. Phosphorylation of Tyr527 triggers Src inactivation, caused by Tyr(P)527 binding to the SH2 domain. In this study, we demonstrated that a conformational contribution, not affinity, is the predominant force for the intramolecular SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding, and we characterized the structural basis for this conformational contribution. First, a phosphopeptide mimicking the C-terminal tail is an 80-fold weaker ligand than the optimal phosphopeptide, pYEEI, and similar to a phosphopeptide containing three Ala residues following Tyr(P) in binding to the Src SH2 domain. Second, the SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding is largely independent of the amino acid sequence surrounding Tyr(P)527, and only slightly decreased by an inactivating mutation in the SH2 domain. Furthermore, even the unphosphorylated C-terminal tail with the sequence of YEEI suppresses Src activity by binding to the SH2 domain. These experiments demonstrate that very weak affinity is sufficient for the SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding in Src inactivation. Third, the effective intramolecular SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding is attributed to a conformational contribution that requires residues Trp260 and Leu255. Although the SH3 domain is essential for Src inactivation by Tyr(P)527, it does not contribute to the SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding. These findings suggest a conformation-based Src inactivation model, which provides a unifying framework for understanding Src activation by a variety of mechanisms. © 2006 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ayrapetov, Marina K., Yue Hao Wang, Xiaofeng Lin, Xianfeng Gu, Keykavous Parang, and Gongqin Sun. "Conformational basis for SH2-Tyr(P)527 binding in Src inactivation." Journal of Biological Chemistry 281, 33 (2006): 23776-23784. doi:10.1074/jbc.M604219200.