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An investigation of alternative lithium salts, lithium tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4), lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiDFOB) and lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6), in novel ester-based (methyl acetate/fluoroethylene carbonate- MA/FEC or methyl propionate/fluoroethylene carbonate- MP/FEC) electrolyte formulations has been conducted in LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 (NCM622)/graphite cells to improve low temperature cycling performance of lithium ion batteries at −20 °C. Improved low temperature performance was observed with all the lithium salts in MA/FEC electrolyte while comparable room temperature (25 °C) capacities were observed with LiPF6 salt only. Detailed ex-situ analysis of surface films generated with LiBF4, LiDFOB and LiPF6 in ester-based electrolytes reveals that the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is predominately composed of lithium salt decompaction products and addition of 10% FEC (by volume%) may not be sufficient at forming a protective SEI.

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Journal of The Electrochemical Society





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