New source of evidence: Explosive traces in hair
Date of Original Version
This study examines the sorption of explosives [TNT, RDX, PETN, TATP] to hair during exposure to their vapors. In each test, three colors of hair were simultaneously exposed to explosive vapor. Washing, extracting, and gas Chromatographic quantification protocols were developed, and replication of quantitative data was confirmed. Results show that sorption of explosives, via vapor diffusion, to black hair is significantly greater than to blond, brown or bleached hair. Furthermore, the rate of sorption is directly related to the vapor density of the explosive: TATP ≪ TNT ≪ PETN < RDX. Using TNT as the prototype, persistence of the explosive upon standing in air and upon repeated washing with sodium dodecyl sulfate was demonstrated. This study indicates that hair can be a useful indicator of explosive exposure/handling. Work is in progress to develop this technique into an effective forensic tool.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Oxley, J. C., J. L. Smith, L. Kirschenbaum, K. P. Shinde, and S. Marimganti. "New source of evidence: Explosive traces in hair." Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 5403, PART 1 (2004): 246-255. doi:10.1117/12.548165.