Title

Determining the vapor pressures of diacetone diperoxide (DADP) and hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD)

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

12-1-2009

Abstract

The vapor signature of diacetone diperoxide (DADP) and hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD) were examined by a gas chromatography (GC) headspace technique over the range of 15 to 55 °C. Parallel experiments were conducted to redetermine the vapor pressures of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and triacetone triperoxide (TATP). The TNT and TATP vapor pressures were in agreement with the previously reported results. Vapor pressure of DADP was determined to be 17.7 Pa at 25 °C, which is approximately 2.6 times higher than TATP at the same temperature. The Clapeyron equation, relating vapor pressure and temperature, was LnP (Pa) = 35.9 - 9845.1/T (K) for DADP. Heat of sublimation, calculated from the slope of the line for the Clapeyron equation, was 81.9 kJ mole-1. HMTD vapor pressure was not determined due to reduced thermal stability resulting in vapor phase decomposition products. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Publication Title

Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics

Volume

34

Issue

6

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