Synthesis and characterization of urea nitrate and nitrourea
Date of Original Version
Urea nitrate (UN) has not found use as a legitimate explosive but is commonly used as an improvised explosive. The dehydration product of UN is nitrourea (NU). Visually both UN and NU are white solids that both melt around 1608C. Other properties differ markedly as might be expected from an inorganic salt (UN) and an organic molecular compound (NU). An extensive physical characterization of NU and UN is reported. Two reported routes to the NU product are compared and a decomposition mechanism of UN proposed. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Oxley, Jimmie C., James L. Smith, Sravanthi Vadlamannati, Austin C. Brown, Guang Zhang, Devon S. Swanson, and Jonathan Canino. "Synthesis and characterization of urea nitrate and nitrourea." Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 38, 3 (2013): 335-344. doi:10.1002/prep.201200178.