Potential Biocides: Iodine-Producing Pyrotechnics
Date of Original Version
Currently there is a need for specialized pyrotechnic materials to combat the threat of biological weapons. Materials have been characterized based on their potential to produce heat and molecular iodine gas (I2) to kill spore-forming bacteria (e. g. anthrax). One formulation, already proven to kill anthrax simulants, is diiodine pentoxide with aluminum; however, it suffers from poor stability and storage problems. The heat and iodine gas output from this mixture and candidate replacement mixtures were measured with bomb calorimetry and extraction and analysis of I2 by UV-Vis. Of the mixtures analyzed, calcium iodate and aluminum was found to be the highest producer of I2. The heat output of this mixture and others can be tuned by adding more fuel, with the cost of some iodine. Products of combustion were analyzed by thermal analysis (SDT), XPS, XRD, and LC/MS. Evidence for various metal iodides and metal oxides was collected with these methods.
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Oxley, Jimmie C., James L. Smith, Matthew M. Porter, Maxwell J. Yekel, and Jeffrey A. Canaria. "Potential Biocides: Iodine-Producing Pyrotechnics." Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 42, 8 (2017): 960-973. doi:10.1002/prep.201700037.