Investigation and application of lithium difluoro(oxalate)borate (LiDFOB) as additive to improve the thermal stability of electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries
Date of Original Version
Lithium difluoro (oxalate) borate (LiDFOB) is used as thermal stabilizing and solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formation additive for lithium-ion battery. The enhancements of electrolyte thermal stability and the SEIs on graphite anode and LiFePO4 cathode with LiDFOB addition are investigated via a combination of electrochemical methods, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR), as well as density functional theory (DFT). It is found that cells with electrolyte containing 5% LiDFOB have better capacity retention than cells without LiDFOB. This improved performance is ascribed to the assistance of LiDFOB in forming better SEIs on anode and cathode and also the enhancement of the thermal stability of the electrolyte. LiDFOB-decomposition products are identified experimentally on the surface of the anode and cathode and supported by theoretical calculations. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal of Power Sources
Xu, Mengqing, Liu Zhou, Liansheng Hao, Lidan Xing, Weishan Li, and Brett L. Lucht. "Investigation and application of lithium difluoro(oxalate)borate (LiDFOB) as additive to improve the thermal stability of electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 196, 16 (2011): 6794-6801. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.10.050.