The effect of additives upon the performance of MCMB LiNi xCo 1-xO 2 Li-ion cells containing methyl butyrate-based wide operating temperature range electrolytes

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The effect of additives upon the ability of meso-carbon microbead (MCMB) carbon LiNi xCo 1-xO 2 lithium-ion cells containing methyl butyrate-based electrolytes to provide operation over a wide temperature range (-60 to 60°C) was investigated. A number of electrolyte additives were studied, including mono-fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC), lithium oxalate, vinylene carbonate (VC), and lithium bis(oxalato borate) (LiBOB). The intent of incorporating these additives into methyl butyrate-based electrolytes is to widen the operating temperature range of these systems, especially at warm temperatures. A number of formulations were investigated in experimental three-electrode MCMB Li xNi yCo 1-yO 2 lithium-ion cells, based on an electrolyte that has previously been demonstrated to provide good low temperature performance (to -60°C), namely 1.00M LiPF 6 in ethylene carbonate (EC) ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) methyl butyrate (MB) (20:20:60 vv). In addition to studying the charge and discharge behavior of the cells, a number of electrochemical techniques were also employed, including Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS), Tafel polarization and linear polarization to understand the interfacial effects on the intercalation kinetics. © 2012 The Electrochemical Society.

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Journal of the Electrochemical Society