Decomposition Reactions of Anode Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) Components with LiPF6

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The anode solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on the anode of lithium ion batteries contains lithium carbonate (Li2CO3), lithium methyl carbonate (LMC), and lithium ethylene dicarbonate (LEDC). The development of a strong physical understanding of the properties of the SEI requires a strong understanding of the evolution of the SEI composition over extended timeframes. The thermal stability of Li2CO3, LMC, and LEDC in the presence of LiPF6 in dimethyl carbonate (DMC), a common salt and solvent, respectively, in lithium ion battery electrolytes, has been investigated to afford a better understanding of the evolution of the SEI. The residual solids from the reaction mixtures have been characterized by a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (IR-ATR), while the solution and evolved gases have been investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography with mass selective detection (GC-MS). The thermal decomposition of Li2CO3 and LiPF6 in DMC yields CO2, LiF, and F2PO2Li. The thermal decomposition of LMC and LEDC with LiPF6 in DMC results in the generation of a complicated mixture including CO2, LiF, ethers, phosphates, and fluorophosphates. (Figure Presented).

Publication Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry C