Title

Decomposition Reactions of Anode Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) Components with LiPF6

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

10-19-2017

Abstract

The anode solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on the anode of lithium ion batteries contains lithium carbonate (Li2CO3), lithium methyl carbonate (LMC), and lithium ethylene dicarbonate (LEDC). The development of a strong physical understanding of the properties of the SEI requires a strong understanding of the evolution of the SEI composition over extended timeframes. The thermal stability of Li2CO3, LMC, and LEDC in the presence of LiPF6 in dimethyl carbonate (DMC), a common salt and solvent, respectively, in lithium ion battery electrolytes, has been investigated to afford a better understanding of the evolution of the SEI. The residual solids from the reaction mixtures have been characterized by a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (IR-ATR), while the solution and evolved gases have been investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography with mass selective detection (GC-MS). The thermal decomposition of Li2CO3 and LiPF6 in DMC yields CO2, LiF, and F2PO2Li. The thermal decomposition of LMC and LEDC with LiPF6 in DMC results in the generation of a complicated mixture including CO2, LiF, ethers, phosphates, and fluorophosphates. (Figure Presented).

Publication Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Volume

121

Issue

41

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