Generation and Evolution of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Date of Original Version
A solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is generated on the anode of lithium-ion batteries during the first few charging cycles. The SEI provides a passivation layer on the anode surface, which inhibits further electrolyte decomposition and affords the long calendar life required for many applications. However, the SEI remains poorly understood. Recent investigations of the structure of the initial SEI, along with changes which occur to the SEI upon aging, have been conducted. The investigations provide significant new insight into the structure and evolution of the anode SEI. The initial reduction products of ethylene carbonate (EC) are lithium ethylene dicarbonate (LEDC) and ethylene. However, the instability of LEDC generates an intricate mixture of compounds, which greatly complicates the composition of the SEI. Mechanisms for the generation of the complicated mixture of products are presented along with the differences in the SEI structure in the presence of electrolyte additives.
Heiskanen, Satu Kristiina, Jongjung Kim, and Brett L. Lucht. "Generation and Evolution of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase of Lithium-Ion Batteries." Joule 3, 10 (2019): 2322-2333. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2019.08.018.