Document Type


Date of Original Version



Two new syntheses for 2,2'-biindoles are reported. The first uses a palladium catalyzed annulation of a bis(o-iodophenyl)-α,β-diimine. The method employs mild conditions, gives good yields, and is potentially tolerant of a variety of substituent groups. The second method uses a Wittig reaction between a 2-nitrobenzylphosphonium salt and 2-nitrocinnamaldehyde to form 1,4-bis(2-nitrophenyl)butadiene, which followed by triethylphosphite cyclization to give the biindole.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Heterocyclic Communications





Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.