Evidence of a passive layer formation from a conductive polymer coating on aluminum alloys

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Evidence for the formation of a passive layer between a conductive polymer coating and aluminum alloy surfaces is reported. Experimental results from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on aluminum alloys coated with a novel double strand conductive polymer coating based on polyaniline reveal the evidence for the formation of passive layer. The key results are: (1) Modeling of EIS data is best fit with a three RC circuit, indicating a third interface between the polymer coating and the alloy's surface; (2) EIS testing in acidic salt solutions shows the conductive polymer coating performs differently and better than a typical anodized or chromate conversion coating indicating a possibly different interface layer than a typical aluminum oxide and (3) SEM studies of the aluminum surface, after the polymer film is removed, indicates that this interfacial layer has a dense and smooth 'oxide type' surface morphology. The experimental results are consistent with a mechanism in which the conducting polymer serves as a surface conversion agent that oxidizes the aluminum metal surface to form a passive layer.

Publication Title

Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings



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