Concentrations of mycophenolic acid and glucuronide metabolites under concomitant therapy with cyclosporine or tacrolimus

Document Type


Date of Original Version



Mycophenolate mofetil [MMF, the prodrug of mycophenolic acid (MPA)] is usually administered at double doses with cyclosporine than with tacrolimus because it is believed that MPA exposure is lower during cyclosporine therapy. This study aimed to compare 12 hour, steady-state concentration-time profiles of MPA and its phenol- and acyl-glucuronide metabolites (MPAG and AcMPAG, respectively) in stable kidney transplant recipients maintained either on cyclosporine (n = 12) or tacrolimus (n = 12). During the absorption phase in the cyclosporine group, dose-normalized concentrations of total and free MPA were significantly higher but the overall area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-12) was not significantly different. Additionally, exposure to AcMPAG was higher in the cyclosporine group (P < 0.05). Ten of 12 patients in the cyclosporine group were on ketoconazole therapy; however, the exposure to MPA or MPAG was not different when MMF was given orally to Sprague-Dawley rats with or without ketoconazole. In conclusion, cyclosporine modulates the disposition of MPA and metabolites differently from tacrolimus; however, patients on cyclosporine may not require double doses of MMF to achieve the same exposure. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring