NMR Structural Studies of a 15-mer DNA Sequence from a ras Protooncogene, Modified at the First Base of Codon 61 with the Carcinogen 4-Aminobiphenyl

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Proton NMR studies were conducted on the complementary 15-mer duplex d(5ʹ-TACTCTTCTTGACCT)∙(5ʹ-AGGTCAAGAAGAGTA) (designated as unmodified 15-mer duplex) spanning a portion of the mouse c-Ha-ras protooncogene centered around codon 61. Identical studies were carried out on the same sequence, after specific modification with a reactive derivative of the carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP), which resulted in incorporation of a single N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-4-aminobiphenyl (dG-C8-ABP) adduct in the noncoding strand (designated as ABP-modified 15-mer duplex). The adduct was located at the position corresponding to the first base of codon 61. The NMR data for the unmodified 15-mer duplex were fully consistent with a standard right-handed B-type DNA duplex conformation, with the possible exception of the frayed terminal base pairs. The ABP-modified 15-mer duplex was found to adopt one major conformation, although at least one additional conformation could be detected especially near room temperature. The major form, which exhibited strikingly similar NOE patterns as to those of the parent oligomer, both in H2O and D2O spectra, assumed a standard Watson-Crick base pairing throughout the entire length of the duplex, including the modification site and its flanking base pairs. Although some local perturbation of the helix could be detected in the vicinity of the modified guanosine, the NOE distance constraints established that the helix was globally right-handed and that the glycosidic torsion angles had the normal anti orientation, both at the modified base and its partner cytidine. Furthermore, the absence of strong NOE interactions between protons in the ABP moiety, which was rapidly rotating, and the nucleic acid protons was consistent with positioning of the arylamine moiety in the major groove of a weakly distorted double-helical structure. Although insufficient data prevented a detailed characterization of the minor conformer(s), the observation of significant shieldings for all the arylamine protons indicated a different orientation at the modified site in the minor contributor(s), possibly with extensive stacking between the ABP fragment and the neighboring bases. © 1992, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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