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Date of Original Version



Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences


NMR-guided isolation (based on 1D 1H and 13C NMR resonances consistent with a chlorovinylidene moiety) resulted in the characterization of five new highly functionalized polyketides, trichophycins B-F (1-5) and one non-chlorinated metabolite tricholactone (6) from a collection of Trichodesmium bloom material from the Gulf of Mexico. The planar structures of 1-6 were determined using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and complementary spectroscopic procedures. Absolute configuration analysis of 1 and 2 were carried out by 1H NMR analysis of diastereomeric Mosher esters in addition to ECD spectroscopy, J-based configuration analysis and DFT calculations. The absolute configurations of 3-6 were proposed based on comparative analysis of 13C NMR chemical shifts, relative configurations, and optical rotation values to compounds 1 and 2. Compounds 1-5 represent new additions to the trichophycin family and are hallmarked by a chlorovinylidene moiety. These new trichophycins and tricholactone (1-6) feature intriguing variations with respect to putative biosynthetic starting units, halogenation, and terminations and trichophycin E (4) features a rare alkynyl bromide functionality. The phenyl-containing trichophycins showed low cytotoxicity to neuro-2A cells, while the alkyne-containing trichophycins showed no toxicity.