Date of Original Version
Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
NMR-guided isolation (based on 1D 1H and 13C NMR resonances consistent with a chlorovinylidene moiety) resulted in the characterization of five new highly functionalized polyketides, trichophycins B-F (1-5) and one non-chlorinated metabolite tricholactone (6) from a collection of Trichodesmium bloom material from the Gulf of Mexico. The planar structures of 1-6 were determined using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and complementary spectroscopic procedures. Absolute configuration analysis of 1 and 2 were carried out by 1H NMR analysis of diastereomeric Mosher esters in addition to ECD spectroscopy, J-based configuration analysis and DFT calculations. The absolute configurations of 3-6 were proposed based on comparative analysis of 13C NMR chemical shifts, relative configurations, and optical rotation values to compounds 1 and 2. Compounds 1-5 represent new additions to the trichophycin family and are hallmarked by a chlorovinylidene moiety. These new trichophycins and tricholactone (1-6) feature intriguing variations with respect to putative biosynthetic starting units, halogenation, and terminations and trichophycin E (4) features a rare alkynyl bromide functionality. The phenyl-containing trichophycins showed low cytotoxicity to neuro-2A cells, while the alkyne-containing trichophycins showed no toxicity.
Matthew J. Bertin, Josep Saurí, Yizhou Liu, Christopher W. Via, Alexandre F. Roduit, and R. Thomas Williamson. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2018 83 (21), 13256-13266. DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.8b02070