Date of Original Version
Objectives: To examine whether older parents in China would benefit more from daughters’ care than from sons’ care.
Methods: Analysis of the unique datasets of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey conducted in 2002, 2005 and 2008-2009 in 22 provinces.
Results: As compared to having son(s), having daughter(s) is significantly more beneficial at older ages in China, with regards to maintaining higher cognitive capacity and reducing mortality risk. Such daughter-advantages are more profound among the oldest-old aged 80+ as compared to the young-old aged 65-79, and surprisingly more profound in rural areas as compared to urban areas, even though son-preference is much more common among rural residents.
Discussion: We describe how educational campaigns aimed at informing the public about the benefits of daughter(s) for older parents’ health outcome could help promote gender equality and reduce traditional son-preference, especially in rural China.
Zeng, Y., Brasher, M.S., Gu, D. & Vaupel, J.W. (2016). Older parents benefit more in health outcome from daughters’ than sons’ care in China. Journal of Aging and Health, 28(8), 1426-1447.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264315620591