Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Community Planning (MCP)


Community Planning and Area Development

First Advisor

Farhad Atash


This research project focuses on both physical and non-physical approaches to crime reduction in low-income neighborhoods. The perception of crime is a prominent factor in the social and physical deterioration of neighborhoods. When residents feel unsafe in their neighborhood, they lock themselves in their homes or move out of the neighborhood. Perhaps the most tragic outcome is the feeling of powerlessness.

Crime reduction strategies, both physical and non-physical, have the ability to restore residents’ sense of power and control over crime. Physical strategies such as increased lighting and creating mini-neighborhoods, provide a community with a sense of control over the physical environment. Non-physical strategies such as community policing and block watches open the channels of communication among residents and Jaw enforcement officials.

This research project explores a variety of physical and non-physical crime reduction strategies used in communities with economic and social characteristics similar to those of Newhallville. Interviews with law enforcement and planning staff in Newhallville unveiled several strategies currently used to address crime in the neighborhood. Recommendations of this research project aim to bridge the gap between physical and non-physical approaches.