Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Community Planning (MCP)


Community Planning and Area Development

First Advisor

Farhad Atash


In 1990 Section 6217 (g) of the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA) required that by 1999 all states with an approved Coastal Resources Management Program develop and implement Best Management Practices (BMPs) for controlling non point sources of pollution at marinas. In addressing this requirement through the development of the States Environmental Guide for Marinas and subsequent Marina Operation and Maintenance Program for controlling nonpoint source pollution, it then became evident to coastal regulators and industry representatives that although the current literature provided comprehensive BMP descriptions and varying policy frameworks for compliance with CZARA; there still existed a lack in hands-on experience regarding actual implementation strategies and the overall effectiveness of individual BMPs.

After developing the Environmental Guide for Marinas in cooperation with the Rhode Island Marine Trades Association, Coastal Resources Management Council and the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management Office of Environmental Coordination, the University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center/Rhode Island Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service (CRC/RI Sea Grant) entered into a cooperative agreement with the Narragansett Bay Estuary Program (NBEP) to implement and evaluate BMPs for controlling nonpoint sources of pollution at marinas. In March of 1995, CRC/RI Sea Grant then officially began this implementation and evaluation effort by enlisting the author, a Graduate Student from the University of Rhode Island Department of Community Planning and Area Development (CP AD), to usher the project through the tasks outlined below.



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