Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry



First Advisor

Radha Narayanan


Palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) provide high activity in catalyzing Suzuki cross coupling reaction, which is the most versatile reaction for forming carbon-carbon bond, due to its high surface to area ratio. Silica colloids are used as the support for Pd NPs to provide heterogeneous catalysis for the reaction. Size factor is very important in the activity of the catalyst.

Four different sizes of Pd NPs stabilized by Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) are synthesized using seed-mediated growth method and supported onto silica colloids. Besides that, four different sizes of silica colloids were synthesized as the support of seed Pd NPs. All of the catalysts were used for Suzuki reaction of phenylboronic acid and iodobenzene. The size effect of the PdNPs supported by silica colloids was compared by comparing the activity of each of the catalysts. We found out that the smaller the size of the Pd NPs, the higher the activity of the catalyst. In addition, the smaller the size of the silica colloids, the higher the activity of the catalysts.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.