Family Planning; Contraception; Africa
Almost 90 percent of all women in Zimbabwe lack health insurance. Most are undereducated or underemployed, and only have access to maternal and contraceptive care via public clinics. There is a large gap in family planning services in both rural and urban areas, which leads to a lack of necessary care in many communities. Bivariate and multivariate analyses on demographic data (Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 2015) collected by the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency and compiled by the United States Demographic and Health Surveys Program were performed to determine the relationships among public health services and female demographics (including education, employment, use of family planning services, and contraceptive use). This identifies where the largest gaps and unmet needs in family planning care occur, and provides clues as to how to address them in terms of populations, geographic areas, and services needed. These findings will allow future researchers and public health officials to fill these gaps and make the changes in the communities that are necessary in order to improve access to, and quality of, family planning services.