Process of smoking cessation: Implications for clinicians
Date of Original Version
The process of smoking cessation involves progression through five stages of change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. Most patients are not prepared to take action, but most smoking cessation programs are action-oriented. Physicians can be more effective with a broader range of patients if they match their intervention to a patient's stage of smoking cessation. Brief, cognitive, effective, and evaluative interventions are appropriate for patients in the early stages of change, whereas behavioral interventions are more effective in later stages.
Clinics in Chest Medicine
Prochaska, J. O., and M. G. Goldstein. "Process of smoking cessation: Implications for clinicians." Clinics in Chest Medicine 12, 4 (1991): 727-735. https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/psy_facpubs/544