Condom negotiation in heterosexually active men and women: Development and validation of a condom influence strategy questionnaire
Date of Original Version
The ability to negotiate condom use with a partner is a skill that sexually active men and women must have in order to avoid sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. Despite this fact, there is no psychometrically valid instrument in the literature to measure condom influence strategies. This investigation reports on the development and initial validation of the condom influence strategy questionnaire (CISQ). Exploratory and confirmatory analyses revealed and confirmed six influence strategies used by heterosexually active men and women to negotiate condom use. These CISQ subscales accounted for variance in safer sexual variables including sexual assertiveness, self-efficacy, and partner communication. Further, those who endorsed CISQ subscales were more likely to have intentions to use condoms consistently and to use condoms. Gender differences in subscales favoring women as the ones most likely to use influence strategies also emerged. Implications of these results as well as future directions for research are discussed.
Psychology and Health
Noar, Seth M., Patricia J. Morokoff, and Lisa L. Harlow. "Condom negotiation in heterosexually active men and women: Development and validation of a condom influence strategy questionnaire." Psychology and Health 17, 6 (2002): 711-735. doi:10.1080/0887044021000030580.