Differential patterns of development: The interaction of birth weight, temperament, and maternal behavior
Date of Original Version
A short-term longitudinal study of 83 families compared patterns of development between full-term small for gestational age (SGA) and normal birth weight (NBW) infants. Data were collected on infant temperament and maternal interaction at 3 and 6 months, and infant developmental outcomes at 6 months in order to investigate relationships between infant and maternal behavior, and developmental outcomes as a function of birth weight. Findings revealed few differences between SGA and NBW groups. However, the relations between infant temperament and maternal behavior varied as a function of birth weight and home environment. Specifically, more positive home environments were associated with higher ratings of maternal behavior and lower levels of infant negative reactivity for SGA but not for NBW infants. In addition, higher negative reactivity was related to lower performance on both the mental and psychomotor scales of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID), with stronger associations reported for SGA infants than for NBW infants.
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Gorman, K. S., A. E. Lourie, and N. Choudhury. "Differential patterns of development: The interaction of birth weight, temperament, and maternal behavior." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 22, 6 (2001): 366-375. doi:10.1097/00004703-200112000-00004.