Levels of Analysis and Effects: Clarifying Group Influence and Climate by Separating Individual and Group Effects
Date of Original Version
This article addresses conceptual and methodological levels of analysis issues in research on work group and organizational settings. Using organizational climate data, it provides a detailed example of the use of a recent data analysis model (Kenny & La Voie, 1985) which separates individual and group effects. The reanalysis of an earlier study of organizational climate influences on three dependent variables (Giamartino & Wandersman, 1983) revealed that several important relationships between climate dimensions and the dependent variables were masked in the earlier study. Implications for potential misinterpretations within existing group and organizational research are drawn and suggestions for addressing theoretical and measurement problems involving climate research are offered. Copyright © 1990, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Florin, Paul, Gary A. Giamartino, David A. Kenny, and Abraham Wandersman. "Levels of Analysis and Effects: Clarifying Group Influence and Climate by Separating Individual and Group Effects." Journal of Applied Social Psychology 20, 11 (1990): 881-900. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01466.x.