Translating best practices in nondrug postoperative pain management
BACKGROUND: The research-to-practice gap is at the heart of the problem in the underuse of nondrug complementary methods to manage postoperative pain. PURPOSE: To show how the six steps of the Collaborative Research Utilization (CRU) model can be used to translate research into practice, using an example of nondrug pain management protocols. METHODS: The CRU model was used to translate empirically tested nondrug interventions for surgical pain management enhancement into cost-effective, easy-to-use, best-practice nursing interventions, using tailored patient teaching. RESULTS: The preliminary findings of the substudy in the context of the CRU model are reported. DISCUSSION: The CRU model was successful in changing patients' knowledge, attitudes, and use of nondrug interventions for pain management. Further research is needed in heterogeneous populations. Organization receptivity to research and a well-integrated computerized documentation system for cueing clinicians' pain management practices are key for effectiveness of change. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.