Formation of a primary care pharmacist practice-based research network

Lori M. Dickerson, Medical University of South Carolina
Connie K. Kraus, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Grace M. Kuo, Baylor College of Medicine
Cynthia A. Weber, University of Iowa
Oralia V. Bazaldua, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
John M. Tovar, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Anne L. Hume, University of Rhode Island Feinstein Providence Campus
Timothy J. Ives, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
John G. Gums, University of Florida
Barry L. Carter, University of Iowa


Purpose. The results of a survey conducted to characterize participating practice sites, patient populations, and collaborative physician-pharmacist services provided through an emerging practice-based research network (PBRN) in the primary care setting are presented. Methods. A targeted sample of faculty pharmacist investigators practicing in primary care settings were selected for participation in this PBRN based on several factors, including past research activities, their interest in soliciting additional clinics within their state to participate in a research network, the potential for regional collaboration, geographic location, and the patient population served. A baseline survey to characterize the PBRN was distributed to members of the PBRN in June 2006. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results. A total of 81 pharmacists in 48 practice sites were recruited to join the PBRN. Most practice sites were located within family medicine residency programs, and the majority were affiliated with a community hospital or health system. Half of participating practices had 300-599 ambulatory care visits per week. Pharmacists in the PBRN spent their time performing direct patient management and had collaborative practice agreements with physicians. Patient revenue was used to cover pharmacist salaries in about one fifth of the practice sites. Pharmacists in the PBRN reported participation in diverse educational activities, such as point-of-care resident education and curbside consultation in the clinic hallways or their office. Conclusion. Eighty-one pharmacists from 48 primary care practice sites in 11 states were recruited to join a PBRN. These pharmacists provided descriptive data regarding their practice site, characteristics of patients served, and clinical services provided as a first step in collaborative research efforts. Copyright © 2007, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. All rights reserved.