Maintenance of risk factor control in diabetic patients with and without mental health conditions after discharge from a Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Clinic
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and hypertension can be challenging to manage in patients with mental health conditions. While the effectiveness of a cardiovascular risk reduction clinic (CRRC) has been shown not to differ between those with and without mental health conditions, it is unknown whether patients with mental health conditions would differ in durability of success following discharge from the CRRC. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mental health conditions on the maintenance of glycemic control and blood pressure control in patients with diabetes following successful completion of a CRRC program. METHODS: Patients were discharged from the CRRC when therapeutic goals of hemoglobin A1c (A1C) <7% and blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg were achieved. We performed a retrospective chart review of a cohort of 231 patients by quarterly intervals for A1C and systolic blood pressure (SBP), providing up to 3 years of data following discharge from the CRRC. We assessed the time to failure to maintain goal A1C and SBP following CRRC discharge for patients with diagnosed mental health conditions versus patients without mental health conditions. RESULTS: For patients with and without mental health conditions, 50% of those who had been discharged from the CRRC with an SBP goal of <130 mmHg failed to maintain SBP by 1 quarter. The hazard ratio for failure to maintain SBP, with those without mental health conditions as the reference group, was 0.96 (95% CI 0.68 to 1.35). Overall, for patients with an A1C goal of <7%, the combined median time to failure was 3 quarters. Among patients without mental health conditions, 25% failed in 3 quarters, and of those with mental health conditions, 25% failed in 4 quarters (HR 0.91; 95% CI 0.50 to 1.66). CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference between diabetic patients with and without mental health conditions in maintenance of A1C and SBP after discharge from a CRRC. This provides further evidence that a CRRC is a viable approach to cardiovascular risk reduction in individuals with mental health conditions.