Stz-induced diabetes in shr and renovascular hypertensive rats: Dissociation between changes in arterial pressure and vascular collagen synthesis

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Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes depresses the rate of vascular collagen synthesis in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), but it also reduces arterial pressure (SAP) in this strain. We investigated this phenomenon further by comparing the SHR with the renovascular hypertensive (RVH) rat, because diabetes does not affect SAP in the latter model of hypertension. Renovascular hypertension was induced by clipping the left renal artery of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats; sham-operated WKY were included as normotensive controls. Collagen synthesis of arterial tissue in vitro was quantified as prolyl hydroxylase activity and the rate of radioactive proline incorporation into collagen. Arterial collagen synthesis of nondiabetic SHR and RVH animals was elevated compared to that of the nonhypertensive WKY controls. STZ-induced diabetes (8 weeks) reduced SAP of SHR, but had no effect on SAP of either RVH or normotensive WKY rats. However, diabetes significantly depressed vascular collagen synthesis of both SHR and RVH rats, and, less consistently, of the WKY. The results strongly suggest that STZ-induced diabetes in SHR impairs arterial collagen synthesis independent of associated changes in arterial pressure. © 1990 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

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Clinical and Experimental Hypertension