Effect of shear on modal arrival times

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The sea bottom is generally modeled as a fluid for many of the shallow water acoustic propagation modeling applications. The inherent assumption is that the bottom does not support any shear wave propagation. This study explores the impact of this assumption on the dispersion behavior of acoustic normal modes. A sensitivity study is performed to investigate the effect of density, shear, and compressional wave speeds on modal dispersion. This study focuses on low-frequency (less than 100 Hz) and lower order modes (mode four and lower) in shallow water (70-90-m water depth). These modes and frequency bands are characterized by deeper penetration and larger depth averaging scales. This enabled the use of a simple half-space elastic model of the sea bottom for most of the analyses in this study. A depth-dependent bottom model was used to investigate the effect of a mud layer on modal dispersion. Sediment shear wave speeds were also estimated using broadband data from two shallow water experiments: Shelf Break Primer (1996) and Seabed Characterization Experiment (2017). The inversion results from these two experiments are compared and they are also compared with deep core data and prior inversions.

Publication Title

IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering