Transdimensional Geoacoustic Inversion Using Prior Information on Range-Dependent Seabed Layering

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This article proposes a transdimensional (trans-D) geoacoustic inversion method adapted to range-dependent (RD) propagation tracks based on prior information from a high-resolution seismic survey. Most trans-D inversions to date model the seabed as a stack of range-independent homogeneous layers, with unknown geoacoustic parameters and an unknown number of layers. The proposed method models the seabed as an unknown number of homogeneous sediment layers with an RD thickness structure and applies an adiabatic normal-mode model to predict acoustic propagation. To do so, the method extrapolates trans-D seabed models proposed at the receiver position over the range of the propagation track using reflector-interface information from a seismic survey. The method is applied successfully to modal time–frequency dispersion data collected over an RD track during the 2017 Seabed Characterization Experiment (SBCEX).

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IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering