Development of a 3D numerical wave tank for modeling tsunami generation by underwater landslides
Date of Original Version
A three-dimensional (3D) numerical wave tank (NWT) solving fully nonlinear potential flow theory, with a higher-order boundary element method (BEM), is modified to simulate tsunami generation by underwater landslides. New features are added to the NWT to model underwater landslide geometry and motion and specify corresponding boundary conditions in the BEM model. In particular, a new snake absorbing piston boundary condition is implemented to remove reflection from the onshore and offshore boundaries of the NWT. Model results are favorably compared to recent laboratory experiments. Sensitivity analyses of numerical results to the width and length of the discretization are conducted, to determine optimal numerical parameters. The effect of landslide width on tsunami generated is estimated. Results show that the two-dimensional approximation is applicable when the ratio of landslide width over landslide length is greater than 2. Numerical accuracy is examined and found to be excellent in all cases. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements
Grilli, Stéphan T., Sylvia Vogelmann, and Philip Watts. "Development of a 3D numerical wave tank for modeling tsunami generation by underwater landslides." Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 26, 4 (2002): 301-313. doi:10.1016/S0955-7997(01)00113-8.