Laboratory Experiments for Tsunamis Generated by Underwater Landslides: Comparison with Numerical Modeling

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Three-dimensional experiments and fully nonlinear computations are performed at the University of Rhode Island, to investigate tsunami generation by underwater landslides. Each experiment consists of a solid landslide of idealized smooth shape sliding over a plane slope. Surface elevations are measured using very accurate gages placed at strategic locations. Gage calibration is performed using a newly developed automated system. Landslide acceleration is measured with a micro-accelerometer. The repeatability of experiments is first investigated, and then by varying the initial depth of the landslide, different conditions of wave non-linearity and dispersion are generated and compared. The principle of numerical modeling, using an earlier developed model, is briefly explained. One application is presented and results compared to experiments. The agreement of computations with the latter is quite good. In the model, horizontal velocities are found quite non-uniform over depth above the moving landslide. This would preclude using a long wave model for such landslide tsunami wave generation.

Publication Title

Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference