Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering


Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Tao Wei


In modern society, the amount of data being transferred is growing at an exponential rate, about 2.5 quintillion bytes data created per day. Such data can be realized in the form of include the audio, video, or text. Furthermore, due to the many advantages of the optical fiber, including the low-cost, immunity to electromagnetic interface, light weight, and high carrier frequency, it is taking over the industry. The question then arises as how to diagnose the inner fault and maintain the integrity becomes the crux for the telecommunication system based on optical fiber.

There are two main high-precision measurement methodologies to complete the task mentioned above: one is the optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR), which has been widely applied in technologies such as light detection and ranging (LiDAR) in faraway situations. The other one is optical frequency-domain reflectometry (OFDR), which is also referred to as optical frequency modulated continuous wave (OFMCW) or chirped frequency measurement. Compared with the OTDR, the OFDR measures distance by comparing the phase change of the chirped incident optical signal and reflected signals to capture the distance information. Even though the OFDR has been proven to have many advantages over OTDR in terms of the high spatial resolution at μm level, low power consumption, and eye-friendliness, both the high complexity and cost significantly limit its applications. To overcome the above shortages in the OFDR system and expand this technology in the various applications, the following research was conducted.

Firstly, since the optical tuning source utilized in OFDR is too expensive and complex to be implemented in-situ measurements, there are some researches completed in the tuning laser source control methods proposed to reduce the cost and complexity of this technology and fit the various applications.

Additionally, to enhance the accuracy of the OFDR measuring, some tuning rate error compensating algorithms were introduced. Benefiting from the improved spatial resolution, the physical unclonable function (PUF) in the optical fiber can be achieved as its unique identification to sustain the data transferring security.

Furthermore, even though the initial optical frequency (IOF) in OFDR has been disregarded in the distance measuring, it does influence the PUF reader precision. To fully analyze such effect, some research and IOF mitigating methods were proposed, in which a fast processing method for the PUF reader has been introduced by decreasing the calculating complexity.

From the above research, a low-cost, accurate, and effective OFDR system has been built that is suitable for various applications.



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