Dietary sugars predict chronic disease risk factors in college students
Date of Original Version
This study examines the impact of dietary sugar components on risk factors for chronic diseases in college students (n = 261). Mean consumption of the percentage of kilocalories from total and added sugars was 24% and 17%, respectively. Participants consumed 1.1 servings sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and 28-gram total fructose daily. All sugar components predicted lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total sugars and SSB predicted higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Fructose intake predicted higher fasting hunger and SSB predicted higher blood glucose. Since consumption of dietary sugars predicts chronic disease risk and consumption of fructose predicts appetite, clinical interventions should include reduction of dietary sugars. Copyright © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Topics in Clinical Nutrition
Hirshberg, Shira E., Jill Fernandes, Kathleen J. Melanson, Jessie L. Dwiggins, Elizabeth S. Dimond, and Ingrid E. Lofgren. "Dietary sugars predict chronic disease risk factors in college students." Topics in Clinical Nutrition 26, 4 (2011): 324-334. doi: 10.1097/TIN.0b013e318237d026.