Dynamic fracture criteria for crack growth along bimaterial interfaces

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Dynamic fracture criteria based on experimental observations are proposed for subsonic crack growth along bimaterial interfaces. These criteria are based on the premise that the crack-face displacements at a point behind the crack tip increase exponentially with the instantaneous crack-tip velocity. This assumption establishes a generalized relationship between the dynamic energy release rate and the instantaneous crack-tip velocity. Experiments are performed on PSM-1/aluminum bimaterial systems for both shear dominated and opening-mode dominated crack growth to verify the proposed criteria. Two different bimaterial specimen geometries are employed to obtain the complete range of crack-tip speeds in the subsonic regime. The dynamic loading is achieved either by detonating two explosive charges on the specimen or by impacting the specimen in one-point bend configuration. Dynamic photoelasticity in conjunction with high-speed photography is used to analyze the fracture event. Explosive loading of the interface crack results in crack propagation speeds on the order of 65 percent of the shear wave speed of PSM-1 and the crack growth is observed to be stable and opening-mode dominated. In contrast, the impact loading results in very high crack propagation speeds on the order of shear wave speed of PSM-1 and the crack growth is observed to be shear dominated. © 1998 by ASME.

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Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME