Processing and mechanical characterization of lightweight polyurethane composites
Date of Original Version
A simple procedure was established to fabricate polyurethane-cenosphere particulate composite materials. Composites having four different volume fractions of cenospheres (hollow ceramic microspheres) ranging from 10 to 40% in increments of 10% were prepared and their mechanical properties were evaluated. A predictive model to estimate the fracture toughness of the composite was developed. The dynamic constitutive behavior of the composite in compression was investigated using the split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) technique in conjunction with high-speed photography. The results of the material characterization indicated that addition of cenospheres decreased the density of the composite. The quasi-static stiffness, both in tension and compression, and the quasi-static fracture toughness of the composite increased with addition of cenospheres. The high strain rate constitutive behavior of 100% polyurethane showed monotonic stiffening whereas the composite at higher cenosphere volume fractions (40%) exhibited a stiffening-softening-stiffening behavior. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) studies were also carried out to determine the failure mechanisms of the composite.
Journal of Materials Science
Chalivendra, V. B., A. Shukla, A. Bose, and V. Parameswaran. "Processing and mechanical characterization of lightweight polyurethane composites." Journal of Materials Science 38, 8 (2003): 1631-1643. doi:10.1023/A:1023203121299.