The blast resistance of sandwich composites with stepwise graded cores

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Date of Original Version



Shock tube experiments were performed to study the dynamic response of sandwich panels with E-Glass Vinyl Ester (EVE) composite face sheets and stepwise graded styrene foam cores. Two types of core configurations, with identical areal density, were subjected to the shock wave loading. The core layers were arranged according to the density of the respective foam; configuration 1 consisted of low/middle/high density foams and configuration 2 consisted of middle/low/high density foams. The method to calculate the incident and reflected energies of the shock wave, as well as the deformation energy of the specimen, were proposed based on the shock wave pressure profiles and the high speed deflection images that were obtained. The experimental results showed that configuration 1 outperformed configuration 2 in regards to their blast resistance. Significant core material compression was observed in configuration 1, while in configuration 2 the core layers disintegrated and the front skin (blast side) fractured into two pieces along the midsection. The estimated energies were then calculated for both configurations. The total energy difference between the incident and reflected energies was almost identical, even though the deformation energy for configuration 2 was larger. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

International Journal of Solids and Structures